Themes Of Postmodernism In Nissim Ezekiels Poems English Literature Essay
The con-over of the supportmodernists to the realistic, unadorned and technical view of existent era has been strongly learned grounded in condition unbending, ironical and tentative. Postmodernism focuses on thesiss such as ridicule, resemblefulness, sombre humour and so on. This monograph focuses on the views of Postmodernism in an Indian composition, delay a peculiar allusion to NISSIM EZEKIEL. This grant concentrates on the techniques such as ridicule, travesty and anti – topic that has a easy resemble in the epics of Nissim Ezekiel.
ORIGIN OF MODERN INDIAN ENGLISH POETRY:
Modern English rhymerry in India is one of the numerous new unravelings which began to appear at the end of the Second Globe War. The appearnce of existent English rhymerry was a part-among-among of existentization which comprised urbanization, industrialization, insurrection, political modify, etc. Gradually delay cessation space the English vernacular rhymerry became further indianized in myth. Such Indianisation had been action for manifold generations and is eminent in the rhymerry of Kamala Das and it is further mitigated to be felt in the sequence of Nissim Ezekiel. In 1960’s it is the powerful trio NISSIM EZEKIEL, KAMALA DAS and A.K. RAMANUJAM who wrote rhymerry. They all keep powerfully contributed to the myth of a new unraveling in English in our empire. Indian English Reading in the support 1980 era can be conspicuous as the supportmodernist epoch. Most influential rhymers during this epoch apprehend – Nissim Ezekiel, Jayantha Mahapatra, A.K. Ramanujam, Kamala Das, Dom Moraes and few others. But, Indian English Poetry got its spectry simply delay the notification of Nissim Ezekiel’s “A Space to Change” in London 1952.
Nissim Ezekiel (14 December 1924 – 9 January 2004) was an Indian Jewish poet, playwright, editor and art-critic. He was a foundational fashion in supportcolonial India’s erudite truth, specifically for Indian writing in English.
He was awarded the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1983 for his Poetry gathering, “Latter-Day Psalms”, by the Sahitya Akademi, India’s National Academy of Letters. No argument in Indian English Poetry in the support-colonial era can prepare delay any rhymer other than Ezekiel. To unravel his rhymerry is to wait an performr performing a comic resemble in all its features. He came as a liberating soundness technically and encouraged rhymers to perfashion further of interresemble of departed, bestow and forthcoming. He helped to popularise easy sequence in Indian English rhymerry.
POSTMODERN ASPECTS IN NISSIM EZEKIEL’S POEMS:
Postexistent views in Nissim Ezekiel’s epics negotiate delay the thesis of ridicule, resemblefulness, ridicule and so on. We end opposite such thesiss in Ezekiel’s epics such as “The Professor” and “The Patriot.”
IRONY and SATIRE:
Satire is chiefly a erudite genre or fashion. In ridicule, follies, abuses, and shortcomings are held up to ridicule, preferably delay the delineation of embarrassing men-folks, and communion itself, into correction. Although ridicule is usually meant to be ludicrous, its powerfuler aim is frequently constructive political stricture, using wit as a utensil. It is beggarly for supportmodernist to discuss important topics in a resembleful and facetious way.
The epic “The Professor” is essentially a ridicule on Indian English. This epic is in the fashion of a discourse betwixt a bigot and his old scholar. But the listener is harangueless throughout the epic and so it can be termed to be a soliloquy. The debater in this epic is a bigot and his basic occupation is to discipline others. But, he himself looks to noncommunication the right plain of the average he utilizes. Thus it is ironical truly.
From the colloquy delay his scholar we end to comprehend that he simply showcases his extraction members. He showcases his sons as a political showpiece. He says,
“Are well-mannered-mannered permanent in condition.
One is sales overseer,
One is bank overseer.
Both keep cars.”
The rhymer performs fun of the Indian lays that performs use of fictitious spectrys for their kids. He says,
“Sarala and Tarala are married”
The debater in the epic, puts forth delay an air of remuneration that,
“Sarala and Tarala are married
Their husbands are very exact boys”
The rhymer portrays that in Indian communion the end prosperity for girls is to get married and to keep kids. And for boys on the other agency is to be in a good-natured-natured-natured-natured shafture and to keep a lofty pay.
His vernacular is very whimsical. It appears to be a plain translation of the vernacular vernacular delay the selfselfsame constituency and temper. But, though the temper is important, the topic is very dishonorable in myth.
The debater asks the listener a interrogation that is so lukewarm. He says,
“How numerous issues you keep? Three?
That is good-natured-natured-natured. These are days of extraction planning
I am not over. We keep to modify delay spaces.
Whole globe is changing. In India also
We are care up. Our proceeding is proceedinging.
Old values are going, new values are hereafter.
Everything is happening delay leaps and environs.”
This colloquy does not incline on academic topics. Though he looks to counsellor extraction planning, he doesn’t look to graft it.
The bigot that is portrayed in this epic proves to be a good-natured-natured-natured-natured one neither academically nor morally supportive one. He looks to be hopelessly egocentric obsessed delay his own matters.
Thus this epic in way typically portrays the Indian mentality for his age and shafture in communion. The rhymer in a wily severe way ridicules the inclinationset of the old age crowd. The phraseology that the rhymer uses to explain this leaves a far powerfuler collision on the unravelers inclination than the satisfied itself.
The epic “The Patriot” is another sample of supportexistent epic that essentially negotiates delay the thesis of patriotism. Though patriotism is a important topic to be discussed, the support persona in this epic negotiates environing this in a very volatile and resembleful way.
In this epic he primarily negotiates environing numerous important concepts such as Unity in Diversity, Brotherly Love and Proceeding in Science and Technology.
UNITY IN DIVERSITY:
He talks environing the source that is condition followed in India.
“In India also
Gujaratis, Maharashtrians, Hindiwallahs
All brothers –
Though some are having ludicrous morality.
Still, you admit me
I admit you.”
When he talks environing society he says,
“All men are brothers no?”
Though he negotiates delay a important topic, its importantness is not recognised by the unraveler owing his thoughts are plainly translated into English from a beggarly Indian harangue in this epic.
This epic projects the Indian flavour by stressing on the manifold mistakes that the Indians intrust suitableness they use the English vernacular.
Thus Ezekiel is a rhymer of numerous thesiss and one who finds remote rank of topics and difference in his rhymerry. His rhymerry is also not born out of article and he doesn’t limit himself to a part-amongicular stamp, thesis and technique. His new rhymerry demanded a new use of vernacular and denominated for the use of unamazed harangue rhythm in his rhymerry. Thus Ezekiel has succeeded in creating a new Indian English peculiarity to a powerful forthcoming.