Causes And Contributing Factors Of Heat Waves Engineering Essay

Basically there are two types of excitement speeds. Dry excitement speeds frequently adduce open skies and capacious input of light radiation, which usually appear in dregss after a while a continental or Mediterranean brink. Moist excitement speeds possess characteristically very progressionate damp provisions during day and dimness after a while a capacious whole of darken protectage. These usually appear in mid-brink reasonpowerful and sea brinks.

The ocean purpose of excitement speeds are elevated exigency classifications, located in the midlevel/better troposphere, which reocean aggravate a dregs for a prolonged space. Subordinate exigency the air subsides and sinks internals the demeanor, compressing the air at the demeanor causing the clime to stir. This corruption creates a dome after a while turns wounding forthcoming, harness the excitement internally and disallowing mixing after a while other sphere theoretically irresoluteing the demeanor. When the air sinks from a elevated exigency classification, excitement is unfitted to stir and cumulus darkens cannot be formed. In this way the area achieve not be irresoluteed by rain light radiation instantly hits the demeanor, upshoting in a erection clime.

Another considerpowerful rudiment in the structure of excitement speeds is the dregs of the jet flows. Jet flows are limited, unswerving fluent air ordinarys nigh the tropopause formed by the earth’s reversion and eternal excitementing. During a excitement speed, a jet flow lies aloft an artful area disallowing transported polar air concretion to irresolute the area.

Heat speed are too occasionally to-leap bepurpose of a inerter, vermicular jet flow during summertime. Jet flows are formed by diversify in clime between colliding Arctic and symbolical air concretiones, which are ofter during summer causing it to inert down. A inerter jet flow purposes short diversify in sphere patterns, hence increasing immovpowerful sphere provisions illustrateing why excitement speeds appear during summer.

Furthermore, land-clime coupling is establish to extension medium, zenith as well-mannered-mannered the insufficiency climes mediumd aggravate progressionate summers. Discovery by Fischer et al (2007) shows the very considerpowerful role of dry stains in driving/enhancing excitement speed episodes in 1976, 2003, and 2005. In attention, when upright mixing of air is oft due to the corruption air, it produces tenacious inheritance and the perpetuation of dampity nigh the demeanor.

Landscapes after a while demeanors that await excitement can dilate the movables of a excitement speed. The polished excitement island movables is the marvel whereby polished tract-of-lands experiment progressionateer climes than their rustic surroundings. The annual medium air clime of a city after a while one pet or past race can be 1 to 3°C progressionateer than its surroundings, and on a open, still dimness, this clime distinction can be as ample as 12°C (Oke, T.R, 1997)

Based on the characteristics excitement speeds are past slight to appear in dregss after a while elevated shelveing summer brink or open hot occasions.

Climate diversify and excitementwaves:

Some discoveryers associate brink diversify to the extensiond quantity and eagerness of meteorological adventure as turn storms, prolonged parching, apathetic spells and excitement speeds. Novel observational studies possess reveald that the quantity of hot summer days and excitement speeds aggravate Europe has extensiond in novel decades concurrently after a while an enhanced variability of interannual and daily summer climes (Klein Tank et al. 2002).

Results reveal that the European summer brink ability experiment an extension in year-to-year variability in counter-argument to greenhouse-gas forcing. Such an extension in variability ability be powerful to illustadmonish the rare European summer 2003, and would tenaciously progress the impact of excitement speeds and parchings in the advenient. According to discovery from CO2 doubling would administer to an extension by 10°C in medium clime in the a 1-in-20-yr excitement speed adventure in the Great Lakes. This excitement speed, abiding 5 days after a while eagerness stroll of between 28° and 34°C subordinate bestow day provisions, would behove 38°C to 44°C when CO2 doubles. The discovery too shows homogeneous diversifys due to CO2 doubling in the Czech Republic, Eastern China and South-West France (Clark et al in 2006).

Furtherpast models show that there is a shelve internals progressionateer and dryer brinks after a while short stain dampness and could be united to the extensiond whole of novel excitement speeds. The growing occasion is vigorous by progressionateer springs increasing the whole of stain water uptake by vegetation. (Seneviratne et al, 2006). In attention the tangible processes that characterized the 2003 excitement speed such as stain dampness depletion and the settled feedback on summer climes, and the noncommunication of rainfall in frequent size of the continent that generally appear from June – September, are contemplated to appear after a while ocean quantity in the advenient.

Another deduction of brink diversify is the Arctic annotation, the unswervinger admonish at which the Arctic progressionates compared to the intermission of the earth. Too novel dissection of North American and North Atlantic eternal basis from 1971-2010 establish that this annotation makes the jet flow inerter and wavier. As a upshot, blocking adventures behove past slight. (Francis, Vivrus, 2012)

The muddy rudiments contributing to the structure and intensification of excitement speeds appear to extension in the advenient. IPCC states that for the next two decades, a progressionateing of environing 0.2°C per decade is contemplated for a stroll of pouring scenarios. Equefficient if the concentrations of all greenhouse gases and aerosols had been kept immutefficient at year 2000 flattens, a prefer progressionateing of environing 0.1°C per decade would be expected. Continued greenhouse gas pourings at or aloft ordinary admonishs would purpose prefer progressionateing and endanger frequent diversifys in the global brink classification during the 21st generation that would very slight be capaciousr than those observed during the 20th generation. Lastly, anthropogenic progressionateing and sea flatten stir would reocean for centuries bepurpose of brink processes and feedbacks, equefficient if greenhouse gas concentrations were stabilized. (IPCC, 2007)

The processes driving the variability diversifys are incongruous for the three components but generally describe to enhanced land-clime coupling and/or extensiond variability of demeanor net radiation, accompanied by a tenacious abatement of darkeniness, eternal publicity diversifys and a progressive depletion of stain dampness after a whilein the summer


Warm brink.

Seasonal – Summer

Low brink (but not necessarily)

High exigency classifications, in-particular if proportionately immovable

Little/no rain

Little/no darken protect.

Dry land

Dark view after a while demeanors that await excitement – asphalt, buffet, particularized.

There are generally immodest rudiments contributing to the structure of a excitement speed. Chief the dregs of the jet flow, which should be aloft the artful area. Jet flows are limited air ordinarys fluent in the eminent troposphere and tropopause. The northern and southern hemisphere twain experiment jet flows, and halt bepurpose of a cabal of the earths reversion and a , which is a unswerving fluent flow of air ordinarys nigh the tropopause, should be aloft the artful area, so polar air concretiones are not powerful to stretch the tract-of-land. Second, a elevated exigency classification

The chief involves the dregs of the jetstream.  It should be aloft the artful area disallowing polar air concretiones to stretch the tract-of-land.  Second, a elevated-exigency classification may halt permitting the demeanor to be excitemented in the nonproduction of dampness.  A third described rudiment is a dry reason, which facilitates the excitementing of the demeanor.  The immodestth and last rudiment is the whole of upright mixing of the air.  Specifically, oft upright mixing produces tenacious inheritance and the perpetuation of dampity nigh the demeanor. 

The ocean purpose is a elevated exigency area, located in the midlevel/better troposphere, which strengthens and tarrys aggravate a dregs for a prolonged space. This is vile in summer in twain the Northern and Southern Hemispheres bepurpose of the jet flow subjoined the sun.

The jet flow

Summerspace sphere patterns are generally inerter to diversify than in winter. As a upshot, this mid-flatten elevated exigency too progresss inertly. Subordinate elevated exigency, the air subsides (sinks) internal the demeanor. This corruption air acts as a dome capping the clime.

Heat speeds can be purposed by diversified incongruous sphere provisions but the ocean purpose is when an area of elevated exigency behoves immovpowerful aggravate a dregs. Due to the elevated exigency, other sphere provisions cannot disperse the excitement and hence the reason and the air behove ample hotter than would naturally be narrative. The elevated exigency discourages darken caggravate mediuming the sun is immutablely excitementing the dregs during the day and the exigency in the air stops turn ordinarys emotional the excitement on.

The eternal exigency classifications that coerce the persomal sphere are made up of areas of elevated exigency and areas of low exigency. These progress about and adduce after a while them diversified sphere provisions. In an area of elevated exigency, the air from the clime is at a elevateder exigency than the air about that dregs. This purposes drier air and sky sky sky blue skies. When this area of elevated exigency behoves immovpowerful aggravate a global pose, that area experiments darkenshort skies and stirs in day space clime. The longer the elevated exigency is immovable, the capaciousr the stir in clime as other sphere provisions, such as rain or turn, are unfitted to invade the environment and irresolute these climes.

There are besides other purposes of excitement speeds, but the considerpowerful apex is that other sphere provisions are unfitted to invade the dregs and irresolute the clime. Desert turns can purpose excitement speeds as they naturally wound progressionate air into irresoluteer areas. If this dregs, either due to occasional or geographic reasons is unfitted to irresolute the clime, the area achieve experiment a excitement speed.

There usually are immodest eternal provisions certain in forming a excitementwave, although they do not possess to appear at the corresponding space. At chief, a

The chief involves the dregs of the jetstream.  It should be aloft the artful area disallowing polar air concretiones to stretch the tract-of-land.  Second, a elevated-exigency classification may halt generally to the east permitting the demeanor to be excitemented in the nonproduction of dampness.  A third described rudiment is a dry reason, which facilitates the excitementing of the demeanor.  The immodestth and last rudiment is the whole of upright mixing of the air.  Specifically, oft upright mixing produces tenacious inheritance and the perpetuation of dampity nigh the demeanor. 

Mainly bepurpose an area of elevated eternal exigency behoves immovpowerful aggravate a dregs. The elevated exigency prohib

A excitement speed is in movables when a dregs has excessively elevated climes, compared to natural, for a prolonged bound of space.

Warm brink.

Seasonal – Summer

Low brink (but not necessarily)

High exigency classifications, in-particular if proportionately immovable

Little/no rain

Little/no darken protect.

Dry land

Dark view after a while demeanors that await excitement – asphalt, buffet, particularized.

Modeling Northern Hemisphere Summer Excitement Extreme Changes and Their Uncertainties Using a Physics Ensemble of Brink Sensitivity Experiments)


Severe and Hazardous Weather: An Introduction to Elevated Impact Meteorology (Bob Rauber, John Walsh, Donna Charlevois

Seneviratne S, Lüthi D, Litschi M, Schär C. Land-clime coupling and brink diversify in Europe. Nature [serial online]. September 14, 2006;443(7108):205-209.

Ready to perfect your paper?

Order my Paper How it works
You place an order

To get started, you need to complete an order form on our website. Ask our Support managers for help if you got stuck on one of the steps.

We assign the best writer for you

Our manager will start searching for the writer once you've paid for the order. You will be able to communicate with the writer through our message system.

You review the finished work

When the paper is ready, you will receive notification and will be able to review it. You can ask for a free revision if you want to change anything in it.

You download your order

If you are satisfied with the paper, you can approve the order and download the final version in one of the available file formats.

Have a look at our samples

Expository essay
Paper title: Online Education
Academic level: Undergraduate (years 1-2)
Discipline: English 101
Paper Format: MLA format
Sources: 2
Analysis essay
Paper title: Advantages and Disadvantages of Lowering the Voting Age to Thirteen
Academic level: Undergraduate (years 1-2)
Discipline: Political sciences
Paper Format: APA
Sources: 1
Argumentative essay
Paper title: Keeping Animals in Zoos Is not Justifiable
Academic level: Undergraduate (years 1-2)
Discipline: Ethics
Paper Format: APA
Sources: 5
Cause & effect essay
Paper title: Placing Taxes on Junk Food and Fatty Snacks: Can we tax people healthy?
Academic level: High School
Discipline: Nutrition/Dietary
Paper Format: APA
Sources: 3
Compare & contract essay
Paper title: School Uniforms versus No School Uniforms
Academic level: Undergraduate (years 1-2)
Discipline: Education
Paper Format: Harvard
Sources: 3
Critical essay
Paper title: Having Cell Phones in Elementary School
Academic level: Undergraduate (years 1-2)
Discipline: Education
Paper Format: MLA
Sources: 3
Definition essay
Paper title: What is Fashion for Modern Teenagers?
Academic level: Undergraduate (years 1-2)
Discipline: Urban studies
Paper Format: MLA
Sources: 2
Descriptive essay
Paper title: Hollywood to Bollywood: What makes a movie good?
Academic level: Undergraduate (years 1-2)
Discipline: Film & theater studies
Paper Format: MLA
Sources: 2
Evaluation essay
Paper title: The Impact of Violent Games on Children
Academic level: Undergraduate (years 3-4)
Discipline: Psychology
Paper Format: Chicago
Sources: 2
Narrative essay
Paper title: Animals I Have Loved: What’s wrong with another shaggy dog story?
Academic level: High School
Discipline: Composition
Paper Format: Harvard
Sources: -

Used by over 20,000 students

We value our customers' feedback a great deal, and use it to constantly improve and enhance our services. Read on to discover some thoughts from students just like you!

Trustpilot logo 9.8
5/ 5

Good work!

Quick turnaround of a high quality piece of work. Expensive but in specific situations very valuable.

5/ 5


I was really stuck and this gave me the kick start I needed. Used it as they explained and found it so helpful.

5/ 5


I would definitely recommend any student who is finding it diff to write assignment. I am very pleased with the piece of work

5/ 5

Job Well Done!

Perhaps too good. Certainly gave me a huge learning curve at a shorter space of time. Great for a backbone to work on, then make it your own using your own efforts.

5/ 5


I am always satisfied with the services provided, and what I like the most is the understanding, which had helped a lot.

5/ 5


I am never disappointed with this service and have tried many. I now trust that I will receive a good writer as the service ensures they understand your requirements prior to delivery.

5/ 5


I'm very happy to cooperate with from the beginning of my studying, without their help I wouldn't be here. Thank you!

5/ 5

Thank You!

Excellent and professional service from all involved with all of the time.

Recently written papers

ID Topic / type Discipline / level Pages Delivered
1 2 3

Our core values


We value confidentiality, are you worried that your professor will discover you used buy an essay service? Do not worry, that will never happen. You are anonymous in our services.

Plagiarism Free Paper

We provide only plagiarism free papers. Our writers use similarity index software to ensure that your paper meet academic requirements. All papers delivered are unique.

Strict Deadline

When you give us a deadline to deliver your paper, we deliver on time. We will update you in every stem of the way until the paper is delivered.


Our staffs and writers uphold the highest level of professionalism. We do not request unnecessary information and only communicate when neccesary.

Value for Money

We are committed to providing value for every dollar paid. Our refund policy is clear on ground for which we do a partial or full refund.

24/7 Support

We literally don’t sleep in order to serve you. We have a 24/7 customer support system where you can follow up on your orders.


Ask our team

Want to contact us directly? No problem. We are always here for you.

Frequently Asked Buy an Essay Questions

See all
Is your service confidential?

When you place an order with our company, we ask you to provide us with such personal information as your name, phone number, and email address. We need this data to keep you updated on the important things related to your order or account, and never share it with any third parties. We also don’t use your contact details for spamming you.

Please note that our support team may contact you using only the phone number(s) stated on our website, such +1 (248) 599-2414 and/+44 (151) 528-2636. In order to secure our mutual cooperation, please do not communicate with those who introduce themselves as writemyessay support staff and reach you from different phone numbers.

Also, remember that we never ask you to provide your credit card information via phone conversations. You should enter this information only on PayPal or Gate2Shop billing forms when making an online payment on our website. The writemyessay support administrator will send a confirmation letter to your personal order page when your payment is received.

We also use a secure encrypted connection and do not store your private data if we do not need it anymore. For more details about how we ensure your confidentiality, check our Privacy Policy, which completely complies with the GDPR.

We offer original model papers that can be used legally in a number of ways if properly referenced:

  • As a source of arguments or ideas for your own research
  • As a source of additional understanding of the subject
  • Direct citing

Nonetheless, check your college’s/university’s policies, including their definition of plagiarism and paraphrasing before using our services. Make conscious decisions in regards to your education.

How do I order a paper from writemyessay?

We take care not only of your academic success, but also of your experience with us. That’s why we have made the process of placing your order as easy and fast as possible—usually, it takes no more than 2-3 minutes.

Let’s have a closer look at the simple steps you need to go through for submitting your order:

Fill in the order form.

Be sure to include specific instructions regarding your paper and to upload any of the required materials. If you have any questions while specifying your paper’s information, just click on the info sign at the end of every field name and you will see a detailed tip on what exact information is required.

Proceed with the payment.

After you are through with the order form, you will need to make a payment via a preferable system. Right after that, you will be automatically provided with your personal order page where you can track your order’s progress, provide additional requirements, and send messages to your writer or support manager.

A personal writer is assigned to your order.

Our qualified staff will choose the most suitable writer whose skills and experience match your field of study and paper’s details. In case the writer must have any particular software or literature in order to get the assignment done, please do not forget to mention this in your initial instructions.

Your paper is completed and delivered to your personal order page.

When the writer finishes your paper, it is delivered to your personal order page as a PDF document, available for preview only. You will be able to download an editable MS Word version of the order right after you click the “Approve” button in the “Files” tab of your personal order page. If any changes are to be applied to the paper, you are always welcome to request a free revision with a new deadline for the writer (be sure to check more information about this in our revision policy).

You can check how easy the process is by going to the order page and submitting your paper details right now.

Is there a money-back guarantee? If yes, how can I receive a refund?

You can get more details about possible types and terms of refunds on our official money-back guarantee page.

How will I receive a completed paper?

You will get the first version of your paper in a non-editable PDF format within the deadline. You are welcome to check it and inform us if any changes are needed. If everything is okay, and no amendments are necessary, you can approve the order and download the .doc file. If there are any issues you want to change, you can apply for a free revision and the writer will amend the paper according to your instructions.

If there happen to be any problems with downloading your paper, please contact our support team.

What if I’m not satisfied with my order?

If your paper needs some changes, you can apply for a free revision that is available for 7 days after your paper is approved. To use this option, you have a “Revision” button on your personal page.

After the 7-day period, you cannot apply for a free revision, though you still can use a paid revision option. The price of such a revision will differ depending on the number of amendments needed to be done. Please contact our support team to find out how we can help you with the amendments to your paper.

If you think our writer didn’t manage to follow your instructions, and as a result, your paper is of poor quality, please contact us and we will do our best to solve the problem.

If the revisions didn’t give the desired result, you can apply for a refund. Our dispute department will process your inquiry to find out what kind of refund we can give you. To find out more, please visit our money-back guarantee page.

How do I request a refund?

You can’t apply for a refund on certain stages of your order, like when the order is not finished by the writer yet.

When the paper is delivered, the “Refund” button on your personal order page becomes clickable.

On the relevant tab of your personal order page, you will also be able to choose the type of refund you’re demanding and the reason why you applying for it. As soon as you do that, our dispute department will start working on your inquiry. All kinds of refunds concerning the quality or the lateness of your paper should be requested within 14 days from the time the paper was delivered, as in 14 days your paper, will be automatically approved.

Your inquiry should be submitted by clicking the “Refund” button on your personal order page only.